Pressac's Proof in reply to Faurisson's challenge

Peter Myers, February 9, 2009; update April 30, 2009.

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{start of bulletin 11}

I had hoped that there would be a true dialogue in this debate - that people representing the two opposing positions would read the best material of the other side, and engage that side constructively.

Now I realize that most people who actively participate have fixed positions. They seem irritated at being asked to read the material of the other side, even the best material as I aim to put out here, and instead engage in Monologue with their own camp rather than Dialogue across the camps.

Pressac and Finkelstein represent a "Synthesis" position in my view, because of their criticisms of what the latter called the Holocaust Industry.

Pressac's book is important, because he understood the Denial/Revisionist position, having been a colleague of Faurisson's.

Those who disagree with Pressac nevertheless have to read him.

This is probably the first time that Pressac's material has gone out as a text file other than html. It is nevertheless advisable to look at the html to see relevant images.

One comment from a reader is added at the end as item 2.

(1) Pressac's Proof in reply to Faurisson's challenge (2) Pressac on how he turned against Faurisson

(1) Pressac's Proof in reply to Faurisson's challenge

This part of Pressac's book contains his Proof in reply to Faurisson's challenge

The Table of Contents is provided, so you can get your bearings. Then scroll direct to p. 429, thence continue to p. 456.

Diagrams & photos are important too. Therefore, consult the online edition.

The text there is in the form of numerous small html files; in this email bulletin, the text is one continuous file, easy to search.

http://www.holocaust-history.org/auschwitz/pressac/technique-and-operation/pressac0011.shtml

AUSCHWITZ: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers ©, by Jean-Claude Pressac, 1989

Table of Contents

Preface by Serge KLARSFELD. 12

Declaration by the Auschwitz State Museum. 14 PART ONE Delousing gas chambers and other disinfestation installations

CHAPTER 1: Foreword on Zyklon-B 15 CHAPTER 2: The Stammlager delousing installations: I The two delousing chambers in Block 26 II The two gas chambers on the first floor of Block 3. III The delousing gas chamber in Block 1 23 CHAPTER 3: The prussic acid delousing installation in the reception building of the main camp (Stammlager) The 19 BOOS Zyklon-B gas chambers 31 CHAPTER 4: Kanada I and its clothing delousing installation, with the presentation of various gas chamber doors photographed after the liberation of the Auschwitz camp in 1945. 41 CHAPTER 5: The delousing and disinfestation installations of BW 5a and 5b, in KGL Birkenau 53 CHAPTER 6: The disinfestation installation of the Gypsy Camp in sector B.IIe of Birkenau 63 CHAPTER 7: The Birkenau "Zentral Sauna" with its disinfection autoclaves and Topf disinfestation ovens 65 PART TWO The extermination instruments FOREWORD ON THE SOURCES: The contents of PMO files BW 30/1 to 30/46 87 CHAPTER 1: History of the Topf firm and its role at equipping the Auschwitz Birkenau Krematorien General description of the cremation furnaces produced by Messrs TOPF & SONS of Erfurt and that of the Trzebinia Labour Camp 93 CHAPTER 2: Krematorium I or the "old crematorium" of the main camp (Auschwitz, Stammlager) 123 CHAPTER 3: Bunker I or the "red house" and its supposed mass graves 161 CHAPTER 4: Bunker 2 (subsequently renamed Bunker V) or the "white house" and its undressing huts 171 CHAPTER 5: Krematorien II and III Plans. construction and general study 183 CHAPTER 6: The ventilation systems of Krematorien II and III 355 CHAPTER 7: Krematorien IV and V Plans, construction and general study. 379 CHAPTER 8: "One proof É one single proof" Thirty nine criminal traces 429 PART THREE Testimonies CHAPTER 1: Critical examination of the "WAR REFUGEE BOARD" Report on KL Auschwitz Birkenau of November 1944 459 CHAPTER 2: Critical examination of the testimonies of Doctors BENDEL and NYISZLI concerning the Birkenau Krematorien and homicide gassings 469 CHAPTER 3: The deposition made on 24th May 1945 by Henryk TAUBER, former member of the Sonderkommando of Krematorien I, II, IV and V. 481 PART FOUR Auschwitz and the revisionists CHAPTER 1 Auschwitz explained by the revisionists: "Vergasungskeller", gassing cellar or gas generating cellar? 503 CHAPTER 2 Auschwitz according to the revisionists: Photographic exhibition of the famous holiday camp, KL Auschwitz, and "presentation" photographs by the Bauleitung 507 PART FIVE The unrealised future of K.L. Auschwitz: Birkenau CHAPTER 1: The aborted future of the Stammlager without extermination 517 CHAPTER 2: Birkenau 1945: the extermination station. 533 POSTFACE BY THE AUTHOR (The personal experiences that led him to undertake this study) 537

Last modified: March 9, 2005 == http://www.holocaust-history.org/auschwitz/pressac/technique-and-operation/pressac0429.shtml

{to go to any particular page, substitute its number in the above link}

{p. 429} PART TWO

CHAPTER 8

"ONE PROOF ... ONE SINGLE PROOF": THIRTY-NINE CRIMINAL TRACES

A complete list of the "criminal traces" or "slips" found in the archives of the Auschwitz State Museum and the Warsaw Central Commission concerning the homicidal gas chambers in Birkenau Krematorien II, III, IV and V, presented together with original documents and two recapitulatory drawings by the author.

"ONE PROOF... ONE SINGLE PROOF"

[Request formulated by Robert Faurisson in an article on page 13 of the newspaper "Le Monde" of 16th January 1979, then used as a title for his letter of 29th February 1979 addressed in right of reply to the same newspaper, which refused to publish it. and which its author nevertheless published in his "Mémoire en défense" [statement for the defence], La Vieille Taupe, 1980, pages 96 to 100.]

Faurisson asked for "one proof... one single proof" of the existence of homicidal gas chambers. The "traditional" historians provided him with an "abundance of proofs" which were virtually all based on human testimony, from SS and surviving former prisoners and Sonderkommando men. But human testimony is fallible. It is unreliable and Faurisson wanted a CONCRETE historical proof, that is proof based on incontestable and irrefutable documents. Four types of historical document would meet these stringent criteria:

photographs and films made between 1942 and the end of 1944 in KL Auschwitz.
German letters and documents, original drawings concerned with the camp.

So far as we know at present, no film was made recording the extermination of a transport. On the other hand, there is no lack of photographs of Krematorien under construction or completed (in the "Bauleitung Album" not yet published) and of the arrival of four convoys of Hungarian Jews and selections of two of them (in "L'Album d'Auschwitz" by S. Klarsfeld and Seuil). The main obstacle to using these last photographs as evidence is that, except for three of them, they present only views of "peaceful country scenes" against a background of barbed wire. The SS photographers did actually go inside some of the Krematorien, but they did not record the final act, extermination in gas chambers. Some members of the Sonderkommando, according to the deposition by one of them, Henryk Tauber, took photographs showing corpses in the gas chambers, but after being buried near Krematorien II and III, these vital photographs have never been found, and if by chance they should be discovered now, they will be irretrievably damaged after over 40 years in the ground. We also have the three photographs known as the "Polish Resistance" photographs recording the incineration of bodies in a ditch behind Krematorium V in the summer of 1944 and of naked women with their backs to this same Krematorium. They are certainly of exemplary value, but are difficult to use in view of their small number and, like those of the "L'Album d'Auschwitz", cannot be presented as definitive proof.

As for the technical drawings of the Krematorien, cited in legal actions and described as proving that they were planned for large scale assassination by gas (which is in fact incorrect). NOT ONE explicitly mentions in so many words anything like: Blausaüre (prussic acid) Vergasungs- or Gaskammer or -keller [gassing or gas chamber or cellar]. This is not because the drawings were "camouflaged" in any way, but is simply because the buildings concerned were converted from their original function, cremation pure and simple, and transformed for criminal use, so that the compromising words could not have been written on the original drawings of Krematorien II and III, and were probably left out on those of IV and V.

In the final analysis, there remain only the various items of correspondence and offical documents of German origin. Through the "slips" that can be found in them, they form a convincing body of presumptive evidence and clearly indicate the presence in the four Birkenau Krematorien (II, III, IV and V) of gas chambers using a prussic acid disinfestation agent sold under the name of "Zyklon-B". In 1979-80, it was impossible to go any further than this, i.e. to demonstrate with the aid of "concrete" documents that these gas chambers had been used to execute human beings. At the end of the "Faurisson trial", nobody had yet managed to produce "one proof ... one single proof" of the existence of "homicidal gas chambers" in Auschwitz-Birkenau.

In the absence of any "direct", i.e. palpable, indisputable and evident proof (lacking so far as we know at present) such as a photograph of people killed by a toxic gas in an enclosed space that can be perfectly located and identified, or of a label on a Krematorium drawing of a "Gaskammer um Juden zu vergiften / gas chamber for poisoning Jews" an "indirect" proof may suffice and be valid. By "indirect", proof, I mean a German document that does not state in black and white that a gas chamber is for HOMICIDAL purposes, but one containing evidence that logically it is impossible for it to be anything else.

The first document [Document A] presented here is an inventory of equipment installed in Krematorium III and formed part of the file of documents compiled for the official handover of the new building to the camp administration.

[Auschwitz State Museum Archives reference BW 30/43, page 24. This document, held in the "October Revolution" Central State Archives in Moscow was sent by this body in 1964-65 to the Warsaw Central Commission for the investigation of Hitlerite crimes in Poland, which sent it under a covering letter of 30th October 1968 to the Vienna assize court to be part of the evidence in the trial of the Auschwitz Krematorium "architects", former SS officers Walter DEJACO and Fritz ERTL. This trial was held from 18th January to 10th March 1972 and ended with the acquittal of the accused. The documents sent by the Poles to the Austrians were scarcely used by the "experts", which explains the astonishing verdict of not guilty, in particular for Dejaco.]

This inventory indicates that the equipment installed for "Leichenkeller 1 / Corpse cellar [morgue] 1" included:

· "1 gasdichte Tür / 1 gas-tight door," AND
· "14 Brausen / 14 showers",

two items that are strictly INCOMPATIBLE with one another. This incompatibility constitutes the fundamental proof, for it is clear that:

Proposition A: A gas-tight door can be intended only for a gas chamber.

Question A: Why does a gas chamber have showers in it?

Reply A: Incomprehensible. Proposition A must be formulated differently for a logical reply.

Proposition B: A room fitted with showers is a place where people wash themselves.

Question B: Why does the only entrance to the shower room have a gas-tight door?

Reply B: Incomprehensible, Proposition B must be formulated differently for a logical reply.

Which sends us back to proposition A, question A, reply A, proposition B, etc. The reasoning is in a vicious circle which cannot be broken. The only way to escape the illogicality is to bring complementary proof demonstrating that one of the propositions IS INCORRECT. This can he done by means of the following arguments:

· The average area covered by a shower head, calculated on the basis of the drawings for the two shower installations at the Stammlager, the reception building (BW 160) and Block 26. and for those at Birkenau, BW 5a, 5b. and the Zentral Sauna (BW 32), works out at 1.83m?

· On this basis. Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium III, with a floor area of 210m2, should have 115 shower heads.

· In fact only 14 were planned and we know that they were FITTED, because seven wooden bases to which similar shower heads were fitted are still visible in the ruins of the ceiling of L-keller 1 of Krema II.

· On one of the copies of the Krematorium II/III inventory drawing 2197, that from the Soviet "October Revolution" central state archives, water pipes are shown supplying the 3 taps of Leichenkeller 1 and the 5 of Leichenkeller 2, but none are connected to the "showers", This is paradoxical because on this version of drawing 2197 even the lamps are drawn and on various other drawings showing shower installations the shower heads are necessarily shown and the associated pipework usually appears also.

· It can only be concluded that these are DUMMY SHOWERS, made of wood or other materialls, and painted, as stated by several former memhers of the Sonderkommando

This inventory is absolute and irrefutable proof of the existence of a gas chamber fitted with dummy showers in Krematorium III.

These dummy showers were not placed there by chance, or for purposes of decoration, but with a very precise purpose: to mislead the people entering Leichenkeller 1 / gas chamber l, a misrepresentation implying the deliberate intention to cause them to die by inhaling a deadly gas.

These Krematorium inventories, drawn up when the buildings were completed, also provide an almost incredible supplementary proof: mention of the device for introducing Zyklon-B into a Leichenkeller. The second document [Documents B and B'] [Auschwitz State Museum Archive reference BW 30/43, page 12, also from a Soviet source] contains a flagrant error on the part of the SS man who filled in the form.

The first line indicates that in the basement of Krematorium II, "Raum I, Leichenkeller / Room I, corpse cellar" was fitted with:

· "16 Lamp o. Kug, u. Tel. Feuchtsicher / 16 lamps other than globes, waterproof" and
· "5 Zapfhühne / 5 taps".

The second line shows that "Raum 2 / room 2", idem. [Leichenkeller] was fitted with:

· "10 Lamp o. Kug. u. Tel. Feuchtsicher / 10 lamps other than globes. waterproof"
· "3 Zapfhühne / 3 taps",
· "4 Drahtnetzeinschiebvorrichtung / 4 wire mesh introduction devices" and
· "4 Holzblenden / 4 wooden covers."

{p. 430} However, drawing 2197 from the "October Revolution" archives indicates that Leichenkeller 1 had 16 lamps and 3 taps and Leichenkeller 2, 10 lamps and 5 taps. There has been inversion of the lines on the inventory as from the number of lamps. The document should read:

1st line: Room 1 - Leichenkeller [1]: 16 lamps. 3 taps. 4 introduction devices, 4 covers.

2nd line: Room 2 - Leichenkeller [2]: 10 lamps, 5 taps. The aerial photograph of 24th August 1944 taken by the Americans shows that the 4 introduction devices were indeed installed in Leichenkeller 1 / gas chamber 1 of Krematorium II, and not in Leichenkeller 2 / undressing room.

Thus, Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium II, named in fact in a letter of 29th January 1943 as "Vergasungskeller / gassing cellar" and fitted with a "Gasdichtetür / gas-tight door" [PMO, BW 30/43, page 34], has 4 wire mesh introduction devices, closed by wooden covers [or flaps]. It would be too much to expect the SS to have formally written that Zyklon-B was poured into these introduction devices. As this product was composed of small pellets of silica*, an absorbant substrate for prussic acid, it is obvious that a wire mesh column with a cover COULD SERVE ONLY for pouring the pellets into the interior. The mesh retained the solid pellets and allowed the gas to diffuse. The fundamental, complementary, and supplementary proofs described above establish beyond any shadow of a doubt that in Krematorien II and III. their Leichenkeller 1:

1. Were no longer "typical morgues":

2. Were fitted with gas-tight doors (Leichenkeller of Krematorium I I also being designated as a "Vergasungskeller"):

3. Had dummy showers (14 in Krematorium III and something over twenty in Krematorium II):

4. Included four devices for introducing Zyklon-B (with supporting concrete evidence of this in the case of Krematorium II). that have been perfectly described by former prisoners who were employed in the DAW metalworking shop because it was they who made them.

DOCUMENT PMO BW 30/43, PAGE 24 IS DEFINITIVE PROOFOF THE PRESENCE OF A HOMICIDAL GAS CHAMBER IN LEICIIENKELLER 1 OF KREMATORIUM III.

[* Note by the transcriber: A subsequent analysis of Zyklon-B pellets supplied by the Firector of the Auschwitz State Museum has revealed that the absorbant substrate was not silica as stated by Pressac, but of calcium sulphate, an inexpensive industrial absorbant. Copies of the images produced with a scanning electron microscope and elemental analysis undertaken with an energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer are available on request from: hmazal@mazal.org ]

{p. 431} THIRTY-NINE CRIMINAL TRACES

At the beginning of the "Faurisson trial", Father G. Weller, had only TWO German documents as material proof of the existence of gas chambers in the Birkenau crematoriums: a letter of 29th January 1943 containing the word "Vergasungskeller" and another of 31st March 1943 concerning the delivery of "drei gasdichte Türe" for Krematorien IV and V and mention of an order for Krematorium III of one "100/192" identical to the one already installed in Krematorium II, refered to as "Kellertür ... mit Guckloch aus doppelten 8 mm Glass mit Gummidichtung and Beschlag".

As a result of the research triggered by the denial of the existence of homicidal gas chambers, further material evidence was found in the archives of the Auschwitz State Museum and the Warsaw Central for the investigation of Hitlerian crimes in Poland. The evidence found in the Bauleitung order book for work to be done by the DAW (German Equipment Works) and mentioning work completed in the metal [wor]king shop ("Schlosserei") had already been produced at the Faurisson trial, but without being exploited in any way. All the other evidence was hitherto unknown in France.

{p. 432} CRIMINAL TRACES FOR KREMATORIUM II

1. "Vergasungskeller / gassing cellar" [PMO file BW 30/40, page 100] [Photo 1]

Letter of 29th January 1943. from SS Captain Bischoff, head of the Bauleitung (Auschwitz Waffen SS and Police Central Construction Management), registered by SS Second Lieutenant Pollok (Buildings Section) and addressed to SS Major-General Kammler in Berlin, concerning the progress of work at Krematorium II, in which the word "Vergasungskeller" is used. The inspection report enclosed with the letter makes it possible. through a process of elimination, to establish that Bischoff uses Vergasungskeller to designate "Leichenkeller 1" of Krematorium II .

2. "10 Gasprüfer / gas detectors." [PMO file BW 30/40, page 48] [Photo 2]

Telegram sent on 26th February 1943 at 1820 hours by SS Second Lieutenant Pollok, signed by SS Second Lieutenant Kirschneck (Buildings Section specialist and technician) and by Jährling (civilian employee, heating technician), to the firm Topf & Sons of Erfurt, requesting immediate despatch of "10 gas detectors" for B W 30 (Krematorium II) [in order to check the efficacy of the ventilation system in the gas chamber]. In the week of 1st to 7th March 1943, the Topf fitter Messing started up the ventilation and air extraction systems of Leichenkeller I of Krematorium II and tested them the following week, 8th to 14th, just before the first homicidal gassing in this room, that of 1500 Cracow Jews on 14th March. Messrs Topf, manufacturer of metal parts for incineration furnaces and grain silos, was unable to produce this type of equipment and must have sub-contracted.

3. "1 Stck Ilandgriff für Gastür D12 / handle for gas[tight] door, 12 [Ø] diameter" [Photo 3]

[Volume 11 of the Hoess trial. Annex 15 concerning the book known as "Schlosserei WL / metalworking shopWL". The original is no longer in the possession of the Auschwitz State Museum, and is probably conserved in the "October Revolution" Central State Archives in Moscow. This book contains records of the work carried out by the metalworking shop for the construction and maintenance of the Birkenau Krematorien in accordance with orders issued by the Bauleitung. Some of these orders have survived and are conserved in the PMO Archives in a black file entitled "Zentral Bauleitung der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Auschwitz OS (Bestellscheine für) Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke, Auschwitz OS, 1943-1944 / Waffen-SS and Police Central Construction Management, Auschwitz. Upper Silesia (order forms for) German Equipment Works, Auschwitz Upper Silesia, 1943-1944", now classified as File BW 30/31, comprising 416 pages, microfilm No 1258. Certain extracts form Annex 14 of volume 11 of the Hoess trial, a report of 22nd October 1945 indicating the discovery of the file on the Bauleitung premises. File BW 30/31 is incorrectly referred to as simply the "Schlosserei" file to distinguish it from the "Schlosserei WL" file.)

6.3.43, Nr 162. KGL Krematorium II BW 30.

Order issued by the Bauleitung on 5th March 1943 under the number 64, received on 6th March by the DAW metalworking shop under number 162. requesting the making of "1 handle for gas[tight] door, 12 [mm] diameter" for Birkenau Krematorium II. It was completed on 10th March.

4. "Auskleideraum / undressing room"

[PMO file BW 30/25. page 7] [Photo 4]

Letter of 6th March 1943 front the civilian employee Jährling. signed by the head of the Bauleitung (now Major) Bischoff, addressed to Messrs Topf. regarding the possibility of preheating Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorien II and III (BW 30 and 30a) with air coming from the three forced draught suction installations [next to the collective chimney]. The preheating of the Leichenkeller completely demolishes the revisionist argument according to which the Leichenkeller 1 were not gas chambers but "typical underground morgues". Why would anyone want to heat rooms that by definition ought to remain cool? This idea would be absurd if there had not been a change of function, transforming these rooms from morgues into gas chambers, where the temperature had to be high enough for the product introduced to vaporize rapidly. This project could be realized only in Krematorium II, where three "Saugzuganlagen" were actually installed. Because of overheating problems with the three electric motors in these forced draught installalions, and a fire caused by one of them [see the account by Henryk Tauber in Part II Chapter 3], the "Saugzuganlagen" were dismantled and this forced draught system, also planned tor Krematorium III, was abandoned, thus also putting an end to this suggested method of preheating Leichenkeller l. The letter also mentions a modification in the air extraction system of the "Auskleideraum / undressing room" [for Leichenkeller 2] without the Krematorium concerned being specified. Although the term could apply to either II or III, the date of the letter in relation to the stage of construction of the two buildings makes it most likely that it refers to Leichenkeller 2 of Krematorium II, whose function, like that of Leichenkeller l, had now changed.

{p. 434} Auskleidekeller [4 mentions] Auskleidekeller II [1 mention] / undressing cellar [PMO file BW 30/41, pages 25, 26 and 28, dated 8th to 14th March and 22nd to 31st March 1943] [Photos 5, 6, 7]

These "Arbeitszeit-Bescheinigungen / timesheets" concern the installation of the ventilation systems of Krematorien II and III by MESSING, a fitter employed by Topf & Sons of Erfurt, between 5th January and 9th June 1943. [This "diary" of the installation is reproduced in full and translated in Part II Chapter 6 "The ventilation systems of Krematorien II and III"]

A civilian employed by an outside firm worked for six months in Birkenau Krematorien II and III, in their Leichenkeller l, Leichenkeller 2 and Ofenraum, or in other words in the gas chambers, undressing rooms and furnace rooms. The term "Auskleidekeller" to designate Leichenkeller 2 appears in the week 5th to 14th March. Working on the ventilation of the "underground morgue", it seems very surprising that, two months after his arrival in Birkenau, he should be calling them "undressing cellars". Although we have no proof of this, it seems practically certain that Messing filled in his work sheets at the end of each week. As the first homicidal gassing took place in the evening of Sunday 14th March, and as Messing had been working all day in Leichenkeller 2, which was not yet used as an undressing room (the victims undressed in a hut temporarily erected in the north yard of Krematoriunn II), it is obvious that, though he did not witness this gassing. certain preparations and stories going around were difficult to hide so that Messing was led to give Leichenkeller 2 the name of its true function. Unfortunately, he did not have the courage, or perhaps the desire or the occasion to write that Leichenkeller 1 was a gas chamber.

The entry for 8th to 14th March cannot be contested. The work site is indicated, BW 30 (or Krematorium II) and the room where he was working, cellar II is localised and referred to as "undressing" cellar. In the other entries, the word "Auskleidekeller". even without the "II" aways refers directly to the same room and these mentions constitute so much additional evidence that Leichenkeller 2 had become an undressing room.

6. Gastür 100/192 für Leichenkeller 1 / gas[tight] door 100x192 for underground morgue 1:

"... Auftrag vom 6.3.43 über Lieferung einer Gastür 100/192 für Leichenkeller 1 ... die ganau nach Art und Mass der Kellertür des gegenüberliegenden Krematorium II mit Guckloch aus doppelten 8 - mm - Glas mit Gummidichtung und Beschlag auszuführen ist / ...order of 6/3/43 concerning the delivery of a gas[tight] door 100x192 for underground morgue 1 ... to be produced to the identical pattern and dimensions as the cellar door of Krematorium II situated opposite [to Krematorium III] with peephole of double 8 mm glass, with rubber sealing strip and frame"

[File BW 30/34, pages 49 (first original with "Türme / towers") and 50 (second original with one of the two "Türme" corrected to "Türen / doors"). Annex 3 of volume 11 of the Hoess trial (copy authenticated by the Polish examining judge Jan Sehn with the two "Türme" replaced by "Türen / doors" )]

The second paragraph of a letter of 3Ist March 1943 by Kirschneck [Photo 8], signed by SS Major Bischoff and initialed by its author, speaks of an order of 6th March 1943 for a gas[tight] door, 100 cm wide by 192 cm high, destined for Leichenkeller I of Krematorium III to be constructed exactly like the cellar door [Leichenkeller 1] of Krematorium II. This is a vital paragraph as regards Krematorien II and III since it indicates that their Leichenkeller I were each fitted with "gas doors" with a rubberized sealing strip and inspection peephole, a type of door used in the disinfestation gas chambers. Considered until 1979-50 as a document which, associated with "Vergasungskeller", proved the existence of homicidal gas chambers in Krematorien II and III, it now remains a highly compromising piece of evidence, but no more than that. If we assume that Leichenkeller 1 are disinfestation gas chambers, fitting them with "Gastür" is normal and logical. On the other hand, they can no longer be called "typical morgues". Although the revisionists, pulling out all the stops. first claimed that morgues had to have such doors to contain the smell and infectious germs, then in response to toxicological analyses carried out on the upper ventilation hole covers that showed the presence of cyanides, explained that this was no cause for concern. because these "typical morgues" with gas-tight doors were disinfected using Zyklon-B (an INSECTICIDE!), the fact remains that Drawing 932 showing the Krematorium II basement formally shows that the underground rooms were designated "Leichenkeller / corpse cellars" [or morgues], access to which was through DOUBLE DOORS, 190/190, not a single door 100/192. The morgues were converted into gas chambers. and there are documents to prove it, but this modification should be perfectly acceptable to the revisionists. since their version of "disinfected [with Zyklon-B!] morgues" still remains valid. It simply remains for them to integrate in their "explanation" the presence of "14 Brausen / 14 [DUMMY] showers" in the "disinfected morgue" of Krematorium III.

This letter reveals the astonishing concordance between the order dates for "Gas-" components. On 5th March. a handle was ordered for a "Gastür" in Krematorium II, a door that must have already [been] installed. On the 6th, there was an order for another "Gastür" for Krematorium III and mention in an other letter of an "undressing room", probably in Krematorium II. On the 14th a week later, a group of 1500 Cracow Jews inaugurated the "Vergasungskeller (1 )" of Krematorium II.

[Additional note: It is regretable [hat the original of the "Schlosserei WL" file can no longer be consulted at the PMO Archives, for the making of a "Gastür" for Krematorium III should be recorded in it. The mention of that of Krematorium II is more doubtful, because since the first order in the file is dated 5th February 1943, it is possible that the door was made earlier than that. Second. it is certain that the sealing strips of the "Gastüre", planned to be of rubber, were actually made of felt.]

{p. 436} "1 Gasdichtetür / 1 gas-tight door" [File BW 30/43, page 34, verso of the Krematorium II handover document dated 3lst March 1943, the recto being BW 30/43, page 9] [Photos 9 and 10]

This document, considered promising. was thought to prove the material reality of homicidal gas chambers. Officially revealed for the first time in the afternoon of 30th June 1980 at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales during the Colloquium on "NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWISH GENOCIDE" held at the Sorbonne. it was one of the high points if not the high point of the paper, announced as most important, on "Die Gaskammern / the gas chambers" by Professor Dr Wolfgang SCHEFFLER of West Berlin. After recalling the main "abnormal" functions of Krematorien II and III, followed by mention of the possible preheating of Leichenkeller I (cf the letter of 6/3/43, file BW 30/25, page 7. [Part II, chapter 6,]), a sign of its use as its gas chamber since a temperature of 26°C is necessary for the hydrocyanic acid to evaporate, Schleffler cited a description of the building on its official handover, mentioning "1 gas-tight door". The Colloquium was shown only an extract of five lines (lines 4 to 8 on Photo 10), without mention of the source, or presentation of a reproduction of the original document. Questioned on its origin. he said that he had obtained it in Moscow. Later on, he told me that it could not be communicated as it could not be either photographed or photocopied, which is difficult to believe. This unknown extract, presented totally without context, brought nothing new or "definitive", other than confirmation that the entrance to one of the Leichenkeller 1 was fitted with a gas-tight door, which was already explicitly stated in the letter of 31st March 1943 [Photo 8]. The traditional nature, not to say the mediocrity, of his paper was such that it was not reproduced in the published proceedings of the Colloquium and was replaced by one by Uwe Dietrich ADAM (University of Tübingen), a recognized specialist in the "gassing trucks", rather than the problems raised by the gas chambers proper. The fact is that this document came from the "OCTOBER REVOLUTION" Central State Archives in Moscow. Transmitted to the Warsaw Central Commission, then sent to Vienna, where it was produced at the beginning of 1972, with others of the same type, at the trial of the "crematorium architects" former SS officers Walter Dejaco and Fritz Ertl, it formally indicates that the entrance door to Leichenkeller 1 of KREMATORIUM II was gas-tight. It forms part of a series of "criminal traces" demonstrating that certain rooms in Krematorien II, III, IV and V were made gas-tight. It would appear that W Scheffler had a copy of only about 8 pages concerning the acceptance of the Birkenau Krematorien. The total would he greater than this.

Photo 9 is page 9 of BW 30/43, recto of the handover document for Krematorium II, stating that the building was constructed in a workman like manner. using both prisoners and outside civilians. Only the main firms involved are mentioned. though there were others.

Photo 10 is page 34 of BW 30/43, verso of the handover document for Krematorium II. The only real significance of this document is that, while it may have been possible to quibble about the meaning of "Gastür", this is no longer the case with "Gasdichtetür".

8. 4 Drahtnetzeinschiebvorrichtung / 4 wire mesh introduction devices [Photo 11]

9. 4 Holzblenden / 4 wooden covers [File BW 30/43, page 12 for both]

Inventory annexed to the Krematorium II handover document of 31st March 1943 [Photo 9] concerning the basement. The clerk who filled in the form made a mistake, putting some of the entries on the wrong lines: the "4 wire mesh introduction devices" and the "4 wooden covers" were installed in Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium II, not in Leichenkeller 2 as indicated (for the demonstration of this inversion see the end of "One proof, one single proof"). The four devices and their covers were used to introduce Zyklon-B into Leichenkeller 1 / the gas chamber of Krematorium II. According to the American aerial photograph of 24th August 1944, the four introduction points were located along a line running the length of the room in the EASTERN half. In the present ruins, two of these openings are still visible at the southern end but in the WESTERN half. Nobody up to now seems to have been concerned by this contradiction, nor to have explained it. This document is important evidence of the use of Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium II as a homicidal gas chamber

{p. 438} CRIMINAL TRACES FOR KREMATORIUM III:

10. Auskleideraum / undressing room [File BW 30/25, page 7] [Photo 4]

Cited for memory, this term is more likely to refer to Krematorium II than to III in view of the date of the document. It is nevertheless necessary to mention it in respect of Krematorium III as the letter of 6th March 1943 is concerned with both "Krem. II und III KGL, BW 30 u. 30a".

11. Gastür / gas [tight] door 100 x 192 [Photo 8]

"Auftrag vom 6.3.43 über Lieferung einer Gastür 100/192 für Leichenkeller 1 des Krematoriums III, BW 30a ... / order of 6/3/43 concerning the delivery of a gas[tight] door 100 x 192 for corpse cellar 1 of Krematorium III, worksite 30a..." [File 30/34, pages 49 and 50, and Annex 3 to Volume 11 of the Hoess trial]

Letter of 31st March 1943, (already cited for Krematorium II under point 6) indicating clearly that Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium III was fitted with a "gas door". While it may conceivably be possible to contest the validity of the word "Gastür" in this document, an inventory annexed to the handover document of Krematorium III dated 24th June 1943 formally states that its Leichenkeller 1 had a "Gasdichtetür / gas tight door", thus again conforming beyond doubt the meaning of "Gastür".

12. Auskleidekeller [two mentions] / undressing cellar [File BW 30/41, pages l0 and 11] Photos 12 and 13]

In his timesheets (already cited for Krematorium II under point 5). MESSING, a fitter employed by Topf & Sons. noted that in the week 13th to 22nd April 1943 he worked on "Bauwerk 30a", Krematorium III, installing the air extraction system in the "undressing cellar" or, according to other entries he made, in Leichenkeller 2. He indicates that "corpse cellar" 2 of Krematorium III had become an undressing cellar, as was the case in Krematorium II.

13. Flacheisen für (1)15 Stück Gastürbeschläge / flat iron bar for (1) 5 sets of fittings for gas [tight] doors [Photos 14 and 15]

[File BW 30/31, incorrectly called "Schlosserei", order of 16th April 1943. The original document is no longer in the "metalworking", file. It would appear that this is the only document missing, and that it has not been deliberately "mislaid" but, having been issued to a member of the Auschwitz Museum for study, has not yet been returned to the Archives. Photos 14 and 15 are those of Annex 14 of Volume 11 of the Hoess trial, giving a number of extracts from the black file containing orders from the "Zentralbauleitung" to the "Schlosserei" or issued by the latter.]

Metalworking shop order of 16th April 1943 for the iron required for the fittings for 5 gas [tight] doors for worksites BW 30a and 30b [Krematorien III and IV]

One order having been issued for the two Krematorien, it looks at first sight as if the number of doors destined for each cannot be established, but order 322 of the same date in the "Schlosserei WL" file makes it possible to allocate the 5 "Gastüre": 1 for Krematorium III, the 4 others for Krematorium IV.

{p. 439} Beschlage für 1 Stück Gasfür / fittings for 1 gas[tight] door [Photo 16] [Volume 11 of the Hoess trial, Annex 15, known as "Schlosserei WL", order No 322 of 16th April 1943] 16/4/43 order 322. Krematorium III worksite 30a: supplementary order to 1242. Subject: Fittings for 1 gas door as per Order 957 and as already delivered. Operative: Mirek. Completed: 20//4/43.

Orders 957 and 1242 correspond to another register, preceding that of "Schlosserei WL" which was not found by the Polish or Soviet investigation commissions. Resulting from the "Schlosserei", order of 16th April 1943 for the iron required for fittings of 5 "Gastüre", orders 322 and 323 are for the fittings for 5 gas doors: 1 for Krematorium III (322) and 4 for IV (323).

15. 1 Gasdichtetür / 1 gas-tight door. [Photos 17 and 18]

16. 14 Brausen/14 [DUMMY] showers [File BW 30/43, page 24]

Inventory [Photo 18] annexed to the handover document for Kremtatorium III dated 24th June 1943 [Photo 17], signed by the head of the Bauleitung, Bischoff, and one of his officers, Kirschneck [File BW 30/43. page 20]. As the verso of this document is not known at present, it is not known whether the presence of a "Gasdichtetür" in the basement is noted there, as on the verso of the handover document for Krematorium II. The mention of a "2 year guarantee" is incorrect, two firms having refused to give such a guarantee to the Bauleitug. Messrs Topf, who built the furnaces, considered that such a period was incompatible with the planned incineration rates and the reservations expressed by the Topf engineers, who were perfectly aware of the "abnormal" functions of the Krematorien, are quite understandable. Vedag, a subcontractor for the Huta firm, responsible for the damp-proofing of the basements and "cellars" of Krematorien II and III refused for technical reasons to give a guarantee of two years for the watertightness of these premises.

This document [Photo 18] is the only one known at present that proves, indirectly, the existence of a HOMICIDAL GAS CHAMBER in Leichenkeller 1 of Krematorium III. For the full explanation of this point, see "One proof, one single proof".

{p. 445} Gas[s]dichtenfenster versetzen / fit gas-tight windows [1st mention] [File BW 30/28, page 73] [Photos 22 and 23]

The civilian firm Riedel & Son of Bielitz participated in the construction of Krematorien IV and V. One of its foremen, in his timesheet forSunday 28th February 1943, concerning "Einäscherungsanlage 4" ["cremation installation" or Krematorium IV], indicates under "work done", point 5. "Gassdichtenfenster versetzen / fit gas-tight windows". The lack of labels for certain rooms on the definitive plan of Krematorium IV meant that the Riedel foreman had to use general ternis for the places where his men were working. For example, on 25th, 26th and 27th February, the future morgue/undressing room, nearing completion. was referred to as "die grosse Raum / the big room". On 28th, the work was in the eastern part of the building (explicitly mentioned) and in the western part (as can be deduced from the work carried out on succeeding days).

{p. 446} betonieren im Gas[s]kammer [1st mention] / concrete in gas chamber [File BW 30/28, page 68] [Photos 24 and 25]

On Tuesday 2nd March 1943, the Riedel foreman who, two days earlier had fitted the gas-tight windows in rooms whose function was unspecified, was again working there. and sensibly deduced that he was in a "gas chamber". His daily report mentions under point 5 (in the room with the windows): "Fußboden Aufschüttung auffülen, stampfen und Fußboden betonieren im Gasskammer / ground covered with hard fill, tamped down and floor concreted in gas chamber". Of all the timesheets and reports filled in during the construction of Krematorien IV and V, this is the only one containing this term. On following days, only general terms were used, such as: "in beiden Kammern" or "im Zweiten Kammern" ["in both chambers", "in the second chamber"]. According to the timesheets of 3rd, 4th and 5th March 1943, these two rooms were located in the western part of Krematorium IV.

Until 1982. we had no material evidence of the location of gas chambers in Krematorien IV and V. This "civilian slip", went unnoticed for 37 years and then, when it had at last been found in the PMO Archives, it was revealed for the first time in July 1982 at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales during the Colloqium on "NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWISH GENOCIDE" [whose proceedings were not published until November 1985] then published in my article "LES KREMATORIEN IV et V de BIRKENAU" in the journal of the Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine ("Le Monde juif") No 107 of July- September 1982. I then ensured that this document again appeared in "L'ALBUM D'AUSCHWITZ" published by Seuil in November 1983, page 218 and it was recently taken up again by G Wellers in his chapter on Auschwitz in "Les chambres à gaz, Secret d'Etat" published by Editions de Minuit in September 1984, page 200 and page XI of the illustrations and facsimiles. The high initial value of the word "Gas[s]kammer", which had not been found before, and that others besides myself considered decisive, is now reduced to being simply one more piece of historical evidence, Document 19 in the recapitulatory list of known "criminal traces" for the four Birkenau Krematorien.

{p. 447} Gas[s]dichtenfenster versetzen [2nd mention] fit gas-tight windows [File BW 30/38, page 61] [Photos 26, 27, 28]

File BW30/38 contains 81 pages that can he separated into two parts. The first pages 1 to 42, contains the timesheets of the HUTA foreman Kolbe for the construction of the shells of Krematorien III[IV] and IV[V] from 9th November 1942 to 23rd January 1943, then Krematorium II[III] from 25th January to 21st February 1943. The second, pages 43 to 81, summarizes the continuation of this work until completion of Krematorien IV and V, from 23rd January to 10th April 1943. The initial timesheets show work carried out by Huta and are signed by foreman Kolbe and countersigned by the SS in charge of the worksite. The recapitulatory part, however, is in the form of a book of handwritten sheets, written in green ink (pages 44 to 75), and does not contain the name of either the firm or the author. Its text reproduces exactly that of the RIEDEL & SON "Tageberichten", supplemented by progress reports on the construction of the chimneys by Messrs KOEHLFR (established by comparison with file BW 30/28. This notebook, of unknown origin and authorship, has to be authenticated, as it could have been written after the liberation of the camp.

It is necessary to prove that the notebook itself is of the period and that the text is not simply a straight copy of known documents. The paper itself was printed in 1935, as at the foot of one page in four there is the inscription "G.4 Waisenhaus-Buchdruckerei Kassel ( 1935) DinA4 doppelt" [Photo 29] This type of sheet may have been common and used by anybody. In 1945, the French military legal service were trying to prove the existence of a gas chamber in KL Natzweiler (the concentration camp at Struthof), and found a construction diary for the period 20th May 28th August 1943 [Photo 26] containing a page [Photo 27], dated 3rd August and signed by SS Second Lieutenant Heider, head of the camp Bauleilung, recording work carried out in a gas chamber and mentioning "Gasraum" three times and "Gaskammer" once. A photographic reproduction of this page, undoubtedly damning evidence, was presented in the album "CAMP DE CONCENTRACION STRUTHOF", published by the office of Captain Jadin, examining judge to the military Tribunal of the Xth Region at Strasbourg. The greater part of this work, which is no longer obtainable. was republished, with the addition of documents and comments in March 1985 in order to remove any ambiguity concerning the operation of this gas chamber ("L'ALBUM DU STRUTHOF", Introduction and notes by Jean-Claude Pressac, The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation). This page has at the bottom the same inscription as is found on those of the recapitulalory notebook of file BW 30/38, which indicates that the "Construction Management" of concentration camps such as Auschwitzand Natzweiler used this type of paper. As for the text of BW 30/38, there are differences as compared with BW 30/28. In addition no the work carried out by Riedel, there is that done by Koehler, and on the days when the latter is at work, the labor figures are higher than those shown on the Riedel timesheets and correspond to the total persons employed by the two firms. However, as file BW s30/28 also contains the "Tagelohn Zettel / daily timesheets" for Messrs Koehler, showing the number of people engaged and the work carried out, written in exactly the same way as as those mentioned in the notebook of BW 30/38, it might be thought that simply we simply have a copy with no original value. This assumption is not so justified as it appears, however, for the author of the notebook had to add up the labor figures, and recorded only the major details of the work carried out by KoehIer. There is a clear difference in the case of the electrical work, for which there are no other descriptions in any of the files BW 30/25 to 30/43 conserved in the PMO Archives (compare Photos 22 and 28, where on the latter the labor figures have been increased and the following additional text appears [lines 18-20]: "Stemmen und putzen bei Elektri[c]ker und bei Ofen Pflaster legen / chase and plaster for the electricians and lay tiles by the furnaces"). This establishes the authenticity of the notebook.

The timesheet for 28th February 1943 reads [lines 14 and 15 of Photo 28] Gas[s]dichtenfenster versetzen / fit gas-tight windows". It should he noted that even the spelling mistake, "Gass-" instead of "Gas-", has been copied.

21. betonieren im Gas[s]kammer [2nd mention] [File BW 30/38, pages 62 and 63] [Photos 29 and 30]

The daily report for 2nd March 1943 reads [Photo 29 line 28 and Photo 30 line 1] "und Fußboden betonieren im Gas[s]kammer / and concrete floor in gas chamber". The same mistake is again copied. 22. 4 gasdichte Türe / 4 gas-tight doors [Order No 226/80/17 of 18th January 1943 for Krematorium IV - NOT FOUND]

That there was an order of 18th January for 4 gas-tight doors for Krematorium IV is established by two documents that mention it: Order 109 [Photo 32] of 19th February of The "Schlosserei WL" file and the letter of 31st March 1943 [Photos 33 and 34] of Annex 3 to Volume 11 of the Hoesse Trial. The original has not yet been found.

This "phanthom" document is not "conclusive" proof of the existence of homicidal gas chambers in Krematorium IV. but it helps us to understand and establish how they were planned, built and used.

Contrary to what I said in my article on "Les Krematorien IV et V de Birkenau" in "Le Monde Juif", the three documents cited above [Photos 31, 32 and 33] together with Krermatorium drawings 1678 of 14th August 1942 and 2036 of 11th January 1943 enable us to state that KREMATORIEN IV AND V WERE DESIGNED AS CRIMINAL INSTRUMENTS, though modifications introduced in the course of their construction and operation made their operating sequence absurd.

Krematorium II was used criminally with two different operating sequences. For one or two weeks (in March 1943 according o Henryk Tauber), victims took the following route: external undressing hut in the north yard, underground gas chamber [Leichentkeller 1] ground floor furnace room.No room had been planned for the storage of corpses (though the "Waschraum" on the ground floor was used for this purpose as a stop gap measure). The gas chamber itself assumed this function, which was that for which it was originally planned. Subsequently, after the temporary but had been dismantled, the victims took the route that was to become "conventional" for Krematorien II and III: underground undressing room [Leichenkeller 2], underground gas chamber[Leichenkeller 1] and the ground floor furnace room.

The Bauleitung produced only two drawings for Krematorium IV, valid also for Krematorium V. Comparing these drawings with the "Schlosserei WL" orders reveals the following evolution:

· Preliminary project: based on drawing 1678 of 14th August 1942, showing only the furnace room with two twinned 4-muffle incineration furnaces and its associated rooms on the eastern side, connected through a safety air lock to a large gas chamber of undetermined length. I state that this incomplete room is a gas chamber (and not a morgue, which by definition has to he kept cool) in order to explain the presence of a stove and a buffer air look between this room and the furnace room. The flue from the stove runs underground to chimney of one of the twin 4-muffle furnaces. This incomplete preliminary project could have been completed by an undressing room in the western part, so that its functioning would have been in a straight line running west to east. It was abandoned for unknown reasons that I would assume were connected with the risk of accidental poisoning in the furnace room during natural ventilation of the gas chamber.

· First design: based on drawing 2036 of11th January 1943, the orders of 18th January and 19th March 1943 for FOUR gas-tight doors and that of 13th February 1943 for 12 gas-tight windows for BOTH Krematorien IV and V (SIX per building).

The drawing shows than the two rooms on the west Side are gas chambers, for they each have a stove and require, to be made gas-tight, 4 doors (two per room) and 6 windows (3 per room), one being INSIDE the corridor giving access to the chambers, unlike the five others that are on the outside). The victims would take the route: gas chamber 1 OR gas chamber 2, corridor, vestibule. morgue [central room) and furnace room. This sequence is linear, thus LOGICAL.

In industrial terms, 2 manufacturing units [gas chambers 1 and 2] alternately supply a product [corpses] to be held in a store [morgue] while waiting to be consumed [in the cremation furnaces]. In human terms, people walk in on their own two feet at the western end of Krematorium IV and go out in the form of smoke from the chimneys at the eastern end.

The position of the two gas chambers and their corridor, at the western end, permits natural ventilation without danger to the people working in the morgue or the furnace room. But the building has no undressing room. The victims have to get undressed outside. The Bauleitung could alleviate this problem by erecting a "stable type" hut for this purpose on the other side of the "Ringstraße / ring road" just opposite Kr IV.

· Second design: based on the letter of 31st March 1943 and the testimony of S. Dragan with the creation of a gas-light unit comprising the two gas chambers AND the corridor. Three doors and six or seven windows are required to make it gas-tight. By adding the possibility of using the morgue as an undressing room, the following sequence is obtained: entry through the vestibule, undressing room [central room], vestibule, western unit of the two gas chambers and corridor, vestibule, morgue [central room] and furnace room. The route is no longer linear and the operating sequence has become totally illogical, the argumenl I maintained in my article.

{p. 448} According to a photograph of Krematorium IV in the "Auschwitz Album" a gas-tight door was fitted in the corridor to give direct access front the outside, without having to pass through the vestibule. This additional door. visible on a photograph taken in May or June 1944 must be connected with the third design proposed for Krematorien IV and V.

· Third design: based on the testimony and drawing of S Dragan and the ruins of Krematorium V. This design was adopted for Krematorium V and perhaps also for Krematorium IV. It was imposed by the need to be able to gas small groups of victims and by inadequate Zyklon-B supplies. A fourth gas chamber was created in the western unit by dividing the corridor in two in the proportion 1:2 [visible in the ruins of Krematorium V]. Four gas chambers, each of which had to be gas-tight, required six doors (or seven including the external door of the corridor) with seven openings for pouring Zyklon-B. The ruins of Krematorium IV give no indication as to whether a fourth gas chamber was installed there.

My initial explanation was mistaken because I tried to explain the design of Krematorien IV and V on the basis of their final states and the modifications that had taken place in the basements of Krematorien II and III, modifications that were clearly apparent from a comparison of contemporary drawings and photographs and the existing ruins.

Other facts demonstrate the great variations in the internal arrangement of the Krematorien:

· the gas chamber [Leichenkeller I] of Krematorium II was divided in two in order to be able to "treat" small groups of people unfit for work (in 1944, according to Henryk Tauber). It is not known whether Krematorium III was also modified in this way:

· in the summer of 1944 [five] cremation ditches were dug in the precincts of Krematorium V because the furnaces were out of use. This resulted in the operating sequence being reversed with respect to the original design and running from east to west: vestibule, undressing room [central room], gas chambers, incineration ditches. In good weather, the victims undressed outside before entering the gas chambers, in line with the initial design (photographic evidence: the three "Polish resistance" photos).

There remain a number of unclear points regarding the orders for gas-tight doors for Krematorien IV and V. While it would appear that the last "gas doors" were fitted in Krematorium V on 16th and 17th April 1943, i.e. twelve and thirteen days AFTER official acceptance of the building, the orders of l6th June 1943 for iron for fittings for Krematorien IV and V and for fittings for 4 gas-tight doors for Krematorium IV, then on 17th April the order front the Krematorium maintenance service for 4 new doors, again for Krematorium IV cannot he explained in the light of present knowledge. It could be that the first type of door proved unsatisfactory and the SS wanted to make them easier to handle, or stronger, or make other modifications, as had already been done with the gas-tight windows, where two different models were produced.

23. Gastüren verankerungen 210 Stk / 210 anchors for gas-tight doors [File BW 30/26, page 68. line 8] [Photo 31]

Order for Krematorium IV, issued during the interior fitting out by Riedel & Son, dated 15th February 1943 [and not 1942 as seems to he written] requesting among other things 210 anchors for fixing the gas-tight doors. Issued one month after the order for four gas-tight doors, two days after that for "12 gasdichten Türen ca 30/40 cm" and thirteen days before these "doors" [windows] were fitted, this note is directly connected with those orders and is good additional evidence in "Gas-" for Krematorium IV.

{p. 449} Translation of part of Photo 27:

TAGESBERICHT ÜBER DEN BAUBETRIEB / DAILY REPORT ON BUILDING WORK

[line 41] Bricklayer: 10 (h) Administr: Struthof - Work in the gas chamber ["Gasraum"] (a-a on drwg 187)

[line 16] Roofer: 5 (h) Administr: Struthof - gas chamber ["Gaskammer"] extend the extraction duct, fit 1 supporting bracket (a-a drwg 187)

[line 20] Labor:

[line 21] Painter: (60) (h) Administr: Work in the administration building (a-a of drwg 137) and gas chamber ["Gasraum"]

[line 22] Bricklayer: 40 (h) Administr: Struthof - Work in the gas chamber ["Gasraum"] (a-a on drwg 187)

Translation of part of Photo 26

Construction diary For the new construction: Concentration camp at Natziwiller, Alsace

From: 20th May 1943 To: 28th August 1943

{p. 452} 4 dichte Türen, mit Türfutter / 4 tight doors, with lining [Annex 15 to volume 11 of the Hoess trial, concerning "Schlosserei WL", Order No 109 of 19th February 1943] [Photo 32]

Translation:

19/2/43 No 109 POW camp worksite 30b (Krematorium IV]

Subject: 4 tight doors. with lining - in accordance with Construction Management instructions. Dimensions 100 x 205 cm as per Order 2261/80/17 of 19th January 1943 issued by the Construction Management. Order transfered from the former prisoners' metalworking shop.

This order might be thought perfectly normal, since it is simply for "eight doors", but is in fact criminal and requests "4 [gas]dichte Türen". The letter of 31st March 1943 [Photo 33] is mainly concerned with the non-execution of this order, originally classified 2261/80/ 17 of 18th January 1943 and recalls that they are gas-tight doors. The number of doors has been reduced to three, a change explained by the envisaged method of using Krematorium IV. While fifteen days elapsed between the gas-tight windows being ordered and their being fitted in Krematorium IV, the order for the doors. issued a month earlier, was still not executed. Furthermore, the letter of 31st March 1943 proves that almost another month and a half had passed and the situation remained unchanged. It must be observed that the transfer of orders from the former prisoners' metalworking shop to that of the DAW was slow. As Krematorium IV was handed over on 22nd March and on the 31st March its gas-tight doors were still not ready, it can be concluded that it was not yet operational when it was accepted and only became so much later. It may be that the doors fitted in Krematorium V on 16th and 17th April were those ordered for Krematorium IV, which would explain the new orders for Krematorium IV issued on 16th April.

25. drei gasdichte Türe (Türme, Türen)/ three gas-tight doors (towers, doors) [Photos 33, 34, 35]

· [Türe: Annex 3 (page 61) of Volume 11 (microfilm 205) of the Hoess trial certified an authentic copy by the Polish examining judge Jan Sehn;

· Türme: File BW 30/34, page 49. First carbon copy of the letter of 31st March 1943. No 26171/43, containing the word "Türme / towers" twice:

· Türen: File BW 30/34. page 50. Second "corrected" carbon copy, with one of the two "Türme" changed to "Türen".]

Letter of 31st March 1943, signed by SS Major Bischoff, drafted and countersigned by SS Second Lieutenant Kirschneck, addressed to the DAW and referring to Order 2261/80/17 of 18th January 1943 for BW 30b [Krematorium IV]. Only the first paragraph concerns this order.

Translation:

In reply to the above letter [of 24th March 1943], it is confirmed that three gas-tight doors are to be made for worksites 30b [Krematorium IV] and 30c [Krematorium V] in accordance with the order of 18th January 1943, exactly of the same dimensions and pattern as the doors supplied previously.

The subject of the letter is an order for Krematorium IV, while the first paragraph attributes it to Krematorien IV AND V. The singular article "das / the" used to cover buildings 30b and 30c demonstrates the habit of those involved in the building of Krematorien IV and V refering to them as a single job or worksite to be distinguished from that of Krematorien II and III, again generally regarded as a unit. This practice arose because of the different natures of the two pairs of buildings. The three gas-tight doors were to make gas-tight the entire unit comprising the two rooms and corridor in the western part of Krematorium IV. Certain revisionists rushed to explain this order for "drei gasdichte Türe" (for the premises called "Gas[s]kammer" and fitted with "Gas[s]dichtefenster") as being connected with the installation of DISINFECTION [sic] gas chambers in Krematorium IV, supposedly to treat the clothing of the dead lying in the morgue (central room of the building). We may then ask what was the purpose of the three disinfestation autoclaves and the four Topf hot air disinfestation chambers or ovens in the Zentral Sauna, located only 110 metres away. Some of those who refuse to admit the existence of homicidal gas chambers for large-scale operation, unable to provide any reasonable explanation for this avalanche of prefixes in "Gas-" in the western part of Krematorium IV, admitted the possibility of "sniffings" (small-scale, isolated gassings), but as this suggestion was contrary to the dogma of the non-existence of homicidal gas chambers and to the doctrine of the high priest of France,they subsequently rallied to the "disinfection" version.

{p. 454} The only criticism that can be levelled at this evidence is the fact that it was disseminated after the war in the form of a copy authenticated by the examining judge Jan Sehn. He is responsible for having "certified as conforming" with the original a text that was not an exact copy, or to put it more crudely, to having given legal status to an untrue copy.

But what could "three gas-tight TOWERS" mean? Apparently nothing in the context of either the normal or the criminal use of Krematorien IV and V. In the known Bauleitung correspondence about these Krematorien the word "Turm" is never used. In relation to the existing documents concerning Krematorium IV it does not fit in with any aspect of the shell or of the roofing or of the internal arrangements. Furthermore, the person who typed this letter was not its author. The error results from the copying of a written draught or dictation notes. There was a lapsus calami. Jan Sehn was quite right to replace "Türme" by "Türe[n]", particularly as Order 109 of 18th January 1943 fully confirms this correction. Without wishing to criticize Jan Sehn in any way, I consider that, though he could perhaps not have foreseen the importance that this document would one day have as "material evidence". he should have indicated the reasons for making the change before signing at the bottom of the copy. However, in the years 1945-47 during which evidence was collected for the Hoess trial, all the witnesses, SS and prisoners, were still alive, their memories intact and the facts so obvious that Jan Sehn would not be able to understand my remarks about these two pieces of evidence.

Lastly, we do not know who corrected "Türme" to "Türen". If the document was found thus corrected, this should have been explicitly stated and legally noted, since otherwise doubt inevitably remains regarding this hand-written change.

These two "original documents" are in fact but carbon copies of the real original which has not been found. This may explain why only one of the four occurences of "Türme" has been corrected, the carbons being kept simply for the files.

26. Flacheisen für (4)/5 Stück Gastürbeschläge / iron bar for (4)/5 sets of gas[tight] door fittings [File BW 30/31, "Schlosserei" order of 16th April 1943] [Photos 14 and 15]

Mention of the order of 16th April 1943 (see point 13), requesting the iron bar needed to produce the fittings for 5 gas[tight] doors for worksites 30a and 30b [Krematorien II and IV]. Four of these doors were for Krematorium IV. The discrepancy between the 3 doors of the order of 18th January 1943 and the 4 of 16th April 1943 is only apparent and is explained according to the premises to be made gastight: i.e the entire western part of Krematorium IV (3 doors), or the two main rooms, excluding the corridor (4 doors) or the entire western part with an additional door giving direct access to the corridor from outside [photographic evidence: page 205 of "L' Album d'Auschwitz" published by Seuil) (4 doors). The following order is the logical counterpart of this one for it concerns the gas-tight door fittings to be made with this iron.

27. für 4 gasdichte Türen / for 4 gas-tight doors: "WL Schlosserei liefert für 4 gasdichte Türen: Die beschlüge vie bereits schon einmal geliefert / WL metalworking shop to supply for 4 gas-tight doors: fittings as already once supplied" [Annex 15 to volume 11 of the Hoess trial, or report of 24th July 1945 on the "Schlosserei WL", Order 323 of 16th April 1943] [Photo 16]

Translation:

16/4/43 No 323 KGL BW30b [POW camp (Birkenau) Krematorium IV]

Subject: The WI. metalworking shop to supply for 4 gas-tight doors: fittings as already once supplied. The doors will be made in Hall II and the fittings are to he delivered there. Operative: Mirek. Completed: 20/4/43.

Krematorium IV having been officially handed over on 22nd March 1944, it would appear that the gas chamber doors were delivered and no doubt fitted almost a month after acceptance. Similarly, the gas-tight doors for Krematorium V were fitted twelve days after official completion.

28. 24 Ankerschrauben für gasdu[i]chte Türen It. Skizze / 24 anchor bolts for gas tight doors as per sketch

[Annex 15 to Volume 11 of the Hoess Trial, "Schlosserei WI" Order 280 of 6th April 1943] [Photo 36]

Translation:

6/4/43 No 280. Central Construction Management, POW camp Krematorium 4 [IV] and 5 [V] BW 30b and 30e. Subject: 24 anchor bolts for gas-tight doors as per sketch. On order. Manufacture and delivery. Delivery date: 10/ 4/43. Construction Management Order No 149 of 3rd April 1943. Operative Wrobel. Completed: 9/4/43.

As the file for this order cannot be consulted, we do not know the location of the anchoring points or the number per door. It is in fact doubtful whether this would be shown on the sketch, which is more likely to show a single fixing bolt.

29. Gastüren einsetzen / fit gas[tight] doors [2 mentions] [File BW _30/26, page 27] [Photo 37]

On Friday 16th and Saturday 17th April 1943, foreman Zettelmann. employed by the civilian firm HUTA of Kaltowitz, entered on his timesheets/daily reports 167 and 168 the fitting of "Gastüren / gas doors" in Krematorium V, although the latter had been officially accepted on 4th April. The precise text describing the work done by six men (including SS sergeant Lugert. in charge of the worksite) during the two days was:

"Fenstergittern einsetzen, Entwasserung(sarbeiteu) und Gastüren einsetzen / Fit window bars, drainage (work) and fit gas doors"

These handwritten daily reports, despite their brevity, constitute the only material evidence of the installation of gas chambers in Krematorium V and give an exact date for the beginning of their existence: 18th April 1943.

[Supplementary traces (Krematorien II and III)]:

30. Der [Leichen]Keller 1 mit der Abluft aus den Räumen der 3 Saugzuganlagen vorgewärmt wird / The [corpse) cellar I will be preheated with the exhaust air from the room with the 3 forced draft installations [File BW 30/25. page 7] [Photo 4]

31. Die Warmluftzuführungsanlage für den Leichenkeller I / The hot air supply installation for Leichenkeller I [File BW 30/25, page 8: for Photo see Document 39 Part II, Chapter 5]

Heating a mortuary is nonsensical. The extracts from these two letters are criminal traces of capital importance.

{p. 456} [Anothers Traces :]

32. Beschläge für gasdichte Tür / fittings for gas-tight door [Annex 15 to Volume 11 of the Hoess trial, "Schlosserei WL", Order 516 of 17th June 1943] [Photo 38]

Translation

17/6/43 No 516 Administration V 4 [Birkenau Krematorien]. Metalworking shop producing fittings for gas-tight door as per Orders 1893 and 2085. Hall II has the main order. If necessary, consult foreman Mullebach.

Administration V 4 Order No 148 of 7th May 1943. Operative: Mirek. Completed: 10/6/43.

This order was issued by the Birkenau Krematorium maintenance service, but does not mention the destination of the fittings. In view of the date, a new door was probably being fitted to replace a faulty or damaged one.

33. 1 Schlüssel für Gaskammer / 1 key for gas chamber [Annex 15 to Volume 11of the Hoess trial, "Schlosserei WL", Order 600 of 12th July 1943] [Photo 38]

Translation:

12/7/43 No 600. Krematorium-Administration.

Subject: 1 key. for gas chamber. Report to SS captain of the SS hospital pharmacy. BBD administration Order No 87 Block of 9th July 1943. Operative: Goderski. Completed 13/7/43.

This order can be regarded as the very model of a dubious "trace". lssued by the Krematorium maintenance service, this request for the production of a key for a gas chamber might be understandable, but the destination Krematorium is not known. The order to report to the pharmacist of the SS hospital and the mention of a "Block" make the order incomprehensible with our present state of knowledge. There was, and perhaps still is, exhibited on the first floor of Block 14 (Soviet Pavilion). a key used for a Zyklon-B store, but the doors to the homicidal gas chambers of the crematoriums were not fitted with locks.

34. Die Beschläge zu I Tür mit Rahmen, luftdicht mit Spion für Gaskammer / The fittings for 1 door with frame, air-tight with peephole for gas chamber [Annex 15 to Volume 11 of the Hoess trial, "Schlosserei WL", Order 459 of 28th May 1943] [Photo 39]

Translation

28/5/43 No 459. Disinfestation Chamber Auschwitz concentration camp [i.e. main camp, NOT Birkenau]

Subject: 1. Fittings for one door and frame, air-tight with peephole for gas chamber. 2. Lath door. Capo Kühne knows about this. Administration V 4 Order No 158/2 and 2a of 25th January 1943. Operative: Mirek. Completed: 10/6/43.

This order has nothing to do with the Birkenau Krematorien, but was destined for one of the disinfestation gas chambers of the main camp, probably the one in Block 1.

The text of this order was used by R Faurisson in his little work "Réponse a Pierre Vidal-Naquet" [page 80, Second (enlarged) Edition, La Vieille Taupe. 1982] in his argument aimed at demonstrating that the "Gas[s]kammer" of Krematorium IV were nothing but ordinary "disinfection (sic) gas chambers".

This document is not part of the incriminating evidence, but is presented simply to show the care that must be taken in using the original documents.

CONCLUSION

Summarizing. a study of the files concerning the construction of the four Birkenau Krematorien reveals 39 (THIRTY NINE) "slips" or "criminal traces" of different sorts, the majority of which constitute material proof of the intention to make certain rooms IN THE FOUR KREMATORIEN "Gasdichte" or gas-tight. The incompatibility between a gas-tight door and 14 shower heads indirectly proves the use of one of these rooms as a HOMICIDAL GAS CHAMBER. There can no longer be any contestation or denial of the existence of homicidal gas chambers at Birkenau in view of such an accumulation of written indiscretions on a subject that was supposed to remain secret but became an open secret throughout all of what was then Upper Silesia.

(2) Pressac on how he turned against Faurisson

From: G Date: 17.02.2009 09:20 PM

> Pressac on how he turned against Faurisson

Don't miss the final turn:

In 1995, Jean-Claude Pressac capitulated, but the text of that capitulation was made public - discreetly - only in small print at the very end of a book by Valérie Igounet published in Paris in April 2000 under the title Histoire du négationnisme en France (Editions du Seuil). It may be feared that a good number of the book's readers have paid but scant attention to these two half-pages (651-652) in a great mass of text where the author lets Pressac have his say. Nonetheless they are of capital importance for the history of the "Nazi gas chambers" controversy. On them Pressac states quite simply that, when all is said and done, the official dossier on the Nazi concentration camps is "rotten". He even adds that the dossier is irremediably "rotten" and that, consequently, it is "bound for the rubbish bins of History"! He draws up a veritable indictment against "memory" which has "taken precedence over history", against the distortions inspired by "resentment and vendetta", against the communists and their associations, which have set themselves up as the guardians of a false truth (he does not dare, however, to implicate the Jews and Jewish associations). He says: "Approximation, exaggeration, omission and lying characterise the majority of the accounts of that period". He asks: "Can things be put back on an even keel?" and answers: "It is too late. An overall rectification is humanly and materially impossible".< (Robert Faurisson, 2005) http://www.vho.org/aaargh/engl/FaurisArch/RF050615.html

Full text of Pressac's interview in French: http://www.aaargh.com.mx/fran/tiroirs/tiroirJCP/jcpvi0003xx.html

Reply (Peter M.):

This is not a change-of-position for Pressac. In his book on Auschwitz he wrote:

{p. 537} I was at one time a "revisionist". After reading this book, some will no doubt think that I still am one. This is quite possible and I bear them no grudge. The distinction between these two fiercely opposed schools, the "exterminationists" and the "revisionists", becomes meaningless once a certain threshold of knowledge about the former Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp has been reached. I have passed this point of no return.

{endquote}

In the above quote, Pressac is expressing a rejection of what Finkelstein was later to call the "Holocaust Industry". His statement that Memory does not suffice, that Historical studies remain essential, is akin to statements Finkelstein later made. That does mean, however, that Pressac retracted his view that Auschwitz camps were Exterminationist; just Finkelstein is adamant that there was an Extermination programme.

Pressac and Finkelstein belong to what I call the "synthesis" position. Even Hilberg came to belong to this camp, by publicly endorsing Finkelstein's position.

Most of the "Deniers" - who call themselves "Revisionists" - have made no move towards "Synthesis"; they seem not to have "revised" their own position on the Extermination at all. Mark Weber has expressed reservations about the hardline strategy, but the hardliners have set out to topple him.

{end of bulletin 11}

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