Bertrand Russell described, in a private letter, Americanised Jews' role in creating Bolshevism - Peter Myers, February 18, 2002; update December 19, 2008. My comments are shown {thus}. Write to me at contact.html.

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In the paperback The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell (George Allen & Unwin, London 1975), it's on pp. 354-5:

{p. 354) To Ottoline Morell

Hotel Continental


25th June 1920

Dearest O

I have got thus far on my return, but boats are very full and it may be a week before I reach England. I left Allen in a nursing home in Reval, no longer in danger, tho' twice he had been given up by the Doctors. Partly owing to his illness, but more because I loathed the Bolsheviks, the time in Russia was infinitely painful to me, in spite of being one of the most interesting things I have ever done. Bolshevism is a close tyrannical bureaucracy, with a spy system more elaborate and terrible than the Tsar's, and an aristocracy as insolent and unfeeling, composed of Americanised Jews. No vestige of liberty remains, in thought or speech or action. I was stifled and oppressed by the weight of the machine as by a cope of lead. Yet I think it is the right government for Russia at this moment. If you ask yourself how Dostoevsky's characters should be governed, you will understand. Yet it is terrible. They are a nation of artists, down to the simplest peasant; the aim of

{p. 355} the Bolsheviks is to make them industrial and as Yankee as possible. Imagine yourself governed in every detail by a mixture of Sidney Webb and Rufus Isaacs, and you will have a picture of modern Russia. I went hoping to find the promised land.

All love - I hope I shall see you soon.

Your B.


The same letter appears in volume two of the hardback, 3-volume edition of Russell's autobiography, The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell: 1914-1944, Little, Brown & Co., Boston 1968, p. 172.

An image of p. 172 in volume 2 of the hardback edition is at russell.jpg.

The Jewish identities of Lenin and Trotsky: lenin-trotsky.html.

Bertrand Russell and One World: oneworld.html.

Write to me at contact.html.